Review the material below to prepare for the test.
Here are the correct answers to the Odyssey background quiz:
1. The Odyssey was composed around the year 700 BC.
2. The poem is traditionally credited to a blind poet named Homer.
3. The legendary Trojan War seems to have occurred around the year 1200 BC.
4. According to the legend, Paris, a Trojan prince, kidnapped Helen from her Spartan husband Menelaus.
5. To break the ten year stalemate, Odysseus thought of the scheme to make the Trojans think the Greeks had given up, leaving a large wooden horse as tribute.
6. Odysseus' wife is named Penelope.
7. The goddess who looks out for Odysseus is named Athena.
8. The sun god who raises his cattle on the island of Thrinacia is Helios.
9. Odysseus' sun is named Telemachus.
10. The messenger of the gods is named Hermes.
11. Calyspo is the goddess that imprisons Odysseus for seven years.
12. Odysseus' father is Laertes.
13. Odysseus tells the story of his journeys from Troy to King Alcinous.
14. An epic simile is a long comparison, filled with rich description.
15. An epithet is an alternate or additional descriptive name or nickname for a person or god.
16. "In medias res" means "in the middle of things."
17. The invocation of the poem serves to ask the muse for inspiration in telling the story. It also gives us glimpses of events in the story and increases our interest.
18. Odysseus faces two problems at home. Suitors are attempting to marry his wife; they are also plotting to kill his son.
19. Odysseus is trapped on the island at the start of the tale because the goddess there loves him and desires him to stay.
20. Hermes delivers the order Ogygia to tell Calypso the news that Zeus has ordered Odysseus' release.
21. Odysseus' defining characteristic is his guile.
22. Books 1 and 5 occur, according to the definition of "in medias res," at the middle of the journey. However, it is also possible, based on our discussion in class, that these events are close to the end of the story, so both answers are acceptable.